Buzek was elected after the first-round of voting. The 69-year-old Polish MEP will lead the European Parliament for two and a half years. President Buzek is the first President of the European Parliament to come from Central and Eastern Europe following the EU's enlargement in 2004.
Jerzy Buzek replaces the outgoing President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP, Germany).
Enormous challenge and a great honour
In a brief address to the European Parliament in Strasbourg immediately after the vote, Mr Buzek described his election as "an enormous challenge and a great honour". Referring to the message of "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity", championed by the French Revolution whose anniversary is commemorated today in France's national day, the newly elected president said "all three of those words ring out in the European Union" today.
Once his ambition had been to be a member of parliament in a free Poland, but now he was President of the European Parliament. He saw this as "a measure of how Europe can change". He also regarded it as "symbolic" for the other central and eastern European countries who joined the EU in 2004 and as "a tribute to the millions of people who didn't bow to a hostile system". "There is now no 'you' and 'us': we live in a shared Europe", he said.
Looking ahead to the challenges facing the EU, such as unemployment, energy security and climate change, Mr Buzek stressed that "we first need the Lisbon Treaty so that the Union can be well-organised and effective". He concluded by paying tribute to his predecessor as EP President, Mr Pöttering.
Mr Buzek will give a more detailed description of the work programme he intends to pursue over the next two and a half years during the 14-17 September plenary session in Strasbourg.
Full result of the vote
Under Parliament's Rules of Procedure, to be elected President, a candidate must win an absolute majority of the valid votes cast, i.e. 50 per cent plus one. Blank or spoiled ballots do not count in calculating the majority required.
The results of the first-ballot was as follows:
Votes cast: 713
Blank or invalid votes: 69
Valid votes cast: 644
Absolute majority of votes cast required to be elected: 323
Votes for candidates:
Jerzy Buzek (EPP, PL) 555: Mr Jerzy Buzek duly elected President of the European Parliament
Eva-Britt Svensson (EUL/NGL, SE): 89
Curriculum vitae - Jerzy Buzek
Jerzy Buzek, born on 3 July 1940 in Śmiłowice (Silesia region) in Poland.
Prime Minister of Poland and Member of the Polish Parliament (Sejm) from 1997 to 2001. He guided Poland into the NATO structures in 1999. He initiated accession negotiations with the European Union in 1997. Founder of the “Foundation for the Family” in 1998 and the Institute of the Civil Society Pro Publico Bono in 2002. Member of The Independent and Self-Governing Trade Union "Solidarność" since 1980 and Chairman of the 1st National Congress of Delegates of "Solidarność" in 1981. He participated in secret regional and national structures of the Union. He chaired 4th, 5th and 6th "Solidarność" Convention after 1989. Head of the economic workgroup of the Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) before the 1997 elections.
Professor. Studied at the Technical University of Silesia, Energy Engineering Faculty.
In the years 1971-1972 – research grant at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. Author of approx. 200 research papers and patents. Lectured at the Technical Universities of Silesia and Opole. Member of various academic and technical fellowships. Science Director at the Polish Academy of Science (PAN) in Gliwice until 1997. Representative of Poland at the International Energy Agency - Programme of Greenhouse Gas Effect in the years 1992-1997. Co-founder of Polish-German Science Network for Energy and Environment Protection INCREASE in 1997. Founder of the Consortium for Atmosphere Protection in Silesia in 1994. In the years 2002-2004 Vice-rector of the Polonia University in Częstochowa and founder of the Polonia School of Diplomacy. Doctor honoris causa of the Universities in Dortmund, Seoul and Isparta as well as Technical Universities of Opole and Silesia.
Member of the European Parliament since 2004, elected with the best result in Poland. Vice-president of the European Energy Forum since 2004. The rapporteur for the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Innovation as well as the rapporteur for the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan.
Represented the European Parliament during the 2004 elections in Ukraine and supported the Orange Revolution. Holds "MEP of the Year for 2006 in the scientific research and technology category" title awarded by the Parliament Magazine. Prize-winner of “White Coal 2006” awarded by the Polish Engineers. In 2007 President Pöttering awarded him with the statuette of a pigeon funded on the occasion of 60. anniversary of adopting the Declaration of Human Rights. According to the Wprost and Rzeczpospolita rankings (2008) he was chosen the best Polish MEP.
Committees in the European Parliament: Industry, Research and Energy as well as Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.
Delegations in the European Parliament: EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Cooperation Committee as well as Delegation for relations with the countries of Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Reactions of political group leaders
The first speaker, Joseph Daul (FR) on behalf of the EPP group, believed that "Every Member of the House is overjoyed that Europe is no longer split between East and West". He described Mr Buzek's election as "a powerful symbol of unity".
For the PASD group, Martin Schulz (DE) described Mr Buzek's election as "a historic moment", coming as it did 20 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall and 6 years after the accession of Poland and the other central European countries to the EU. "This shows the dream of democracy and freedom can become a reality", he said.
Guy Verhofstadt (BE), the new leader of the ALDE Group, said Mr Buzek had the full support of the Liberals. He faced a difficult time, with the Lisbon Treaty and the economic crisis. However, "there is a large pro-European majority in this House", said the former Belgian prime minister, and "we can only request that you use it" especially when speaking to the European Council.
Speaking on behalf of the Greens/EFA, Rebecca Harms (DE), congratulated Jerzy Buzek on his election, stating that "throughout your political career, I think that everything you have done has outlined the extent to which you deserve the great honour which is being extended to you." Mrs. Harms said: "I firmly believe that with you as the speaker of this House, we will be in a position to forge ever closer links between east and west."
Timothy Kirkhope (UK) of the European Conservatives and Reformist Party expressed his congratulations to Mr. Buzek, and spoke of his support for the values of the Parliament, as well as "the freedoms of looking ahead, of change, of reform in Europe."
Lothar Bisky (GUE/NGL, DE) spoke of his support for the closer union of eastern and western Europe, but also emphasised the important role of Polish culture within the European Union. "I hope that eastern and western Europe will recognise and not forget the importance of the cultural contribution of Poland in our history…I think that [Mr. Buzek] will help to do an important job in that respect."
Speaking on behalf of the Europe of Freedom and Democracy Group, Nigel Farage (UK) congratulated Mr Buzek, but condemned the process of electing the new President of the European Parliament as a "stitch-up" between the main parties. He expressed his frustration that the Parliament, by utilising the European anthem and EU flag, is "pushing ahead with all the symbols of statehood", despite the continuing opposition to the Treaty of Lisbon.
For the non-attached MEPs, Bruno Gollnisch (NI, FR) regretted the manner of Mr Buzek's election, and called on Mr Buzek to stand up against traditional voices as he had done in the past.
Commission President's reaction
President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso congratulated Mr Buzek both personally and behalf of the whole Commission. Mr Barroso said that that Mr Buzek was "the ideal candidate given the twentieth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin wall and the fifth anniversary of the EU's enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe". Mr Barroso said he looked forward to working with him to build "a more powerful Europe based on solidarity".